Addison Hart-Host - OK, all. This is Part 5 of KIA Generals. As you will remember, I was expierencing techical difficulties last Wednesday and had to reschedule. Now it's Fredericksburg to the latter part of the Gettysburg Campaign, ending June 30th, 1863.
63PVI Tom - Are we learning about generals that wrer KIA?
Addison Hart-Host - General William B. Franklin hated this. His men were being ruined in the hills across the long field near Fredericksburg, December 13th, 1862. He called his generals together at his HQ for an overview of the attack plan. Franklin met with his generals, all gathering round his tent. He spoke up on his plan of attack. After a few minutes, he felt his generals understood his plan. as he was about ready to dismiss them, a shell crashed into the ground, behind a short, moustached general who cried out loud and fell forward. This officer had just become a KIA General...
Aldie - Yes, December 1862 - June 1863
Aldie - YES!!
Aldie - General Bayard!!
Addison Hart-Host - Whew, that took some time to write.
Addison Hart-Host - That's right, Aldie.
Addison Hart-Host - In December 1862, Ambrose Burnside, new commander of the Army of the Potomac, had come up with a daring plan. He would assault Lee's center at Fredericksburg, Virginia. The plan, he felt was ingenious and would take Lee by surprise. Lee's reaction, however, was more of disbelief...
63PVI Tom - something tells me I'm going to fail these questions horribly! But, that's how ya learn, right?
Addison Hart-Host - Lee had split his forces, Longstreet dug deep into Marye's Heights, the center of the Confederate lines, while further south, Jackson was dug in on the hills. To add to that, William Barksdale's Mississippi Snipers were placed in the town. On December 11th, Barksdale delayed Burnside's crossing of the Rappahanock until the 12th. On that day. The Yankees were let loose into the town, which they viley sacked.
Addison Hart-Host - I invite everyone to ask questions, write Who am Is or add anything.
Aldie - Maxey Gregg!!
63PVI Tom - Do you think Burnside might have pulled off his plan if the pontoon bridges and boats had arived when they were suppossed to?
Addison Hart-Host - Assaulting Jackson on the hills south of town was Franklin's Left Grand Division. On the 13th, the bloody battle began with Meade and Franklin leading the attacks. One of the best of Franklin's men was his Cavalry Chief, Brigadier George Bayard.
Addison Hart-Host - Perhaps, Tom.
Aldie - Maxcy Gregg
Addison Hart-Host - George Dashiell Bayard was born in 1835 in Seneca Falls, NY. He grew up in Iowa. He graduated from West Point in 1856 as a 2nd Lieutenant. He is said to have incited an Indian attack by shooting Chief Big Pawnee.
Aldie - That's a good thing right?
Addison Hart-Host - Ooooo no, Aldie.
Addison Hart-Host - Bayard was Colonel of the 1st PA Cav in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign.
Aldie - George Washington brought on a war by shooting someone once. I figured it was kinda popular back in those days. Like a fad or something.
Addison Hart-Host - He then fought with Nathaniel Banks again at Cedar Mountain through Sharpsburg. At Fredericksburg, he commanded six regiments of Cavalry as a Brigadier General.
Addison Hart-Host - At Fredericksburg, after heavy fighting, Franklin ordered a meeting of his generals. Near the end a shell exploded in the group, fired from JEB Stuart's Horse Artillery under Major John Pelham. Bayard was hit in several places by the shell. He died the following days and is buried in Princeton, New Jersey.
Addison Hart-Host - Here's a Who Am I. I was a Union Brigadier under Franklin at Fredericksburg. I fought at Gaines' Mill, glendale and 2nd Manassas. I was not at Antietam. I was shot through the head at Fredericksburg. Who am I?
Addison Hart-Host - Need a hint?
Aldie - Need a hint with who?
Addison Hart-Host - My Who am I, Aldie.
Aldie - Give me a moment.
Aldie - Brigadier General Feger Jackson
Addison Hart-Host - OK, all. Shari and Aldie won. It was Conrad Feger Jackson.
Camp - Aldie he was 3 Brigade the tails were 1st Brigade, but he did command some of the Penna Reserves
Aldie - Commanded them at Dranesville
Addison Hart-Host - Conrad Feger Jackson, US Brigadier General, was born in Alsace, PA in 1813. He fought in the Mexican War as Captain. After the war he worked for the Reading Railroad (you remember, from Monopoly!). He was made Colonel of the PA reserves in 1861.
shari - AH- what regiment was he commanding at the time of his death?
Aldie - Who Shari?
Addison Hart-Host - He first fought with E.O.C. Ord's brigade at Dranesville, Virginia. The first large US Victory of the War. He then fought through the Peninsular and 2nd Manassas Campaigns were he was wounded. He had been given command of the 3rd Brigade. He would not serve again until Fredericksburg...
shari - C F Jackson
Aldie - Where was the 5th New York Cavalry mustered from?
Addison Hart-Host - At Fredericksburg, Jackson had already distinguished himself. In a charge against Stonewall Jackson's men, he was shot through the head, dying instantly.
shari - Who's next on your list, AH?
Aldie - Yeah, enquiring minds wanna know.
Addison Hart-Host - Running down the list of Stonewall's troops beating back Franklin is the excellent fighter Maxcy Gregg, a teacher turned soldier, who fought very well from Vienna to Fredericksburg, where he dies of a mortal wound on the 15th.
Addison Hart-Host - On Marye's Heights, Longstreet nearly effortly repulsed attack after attack by the rest of the Yankee army. It was a terrible slaughter for the Yankees. Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb had, by this time, gained a name as both an excellent politician and fighter, but he was one of the few of Longstreet's men to die that day. The Brigadier's thigh was shattered by a musket ball and he subsequently died. The Battle of Fredericksburg was a devastating Union Defeat. Burnside was replaced by Joe Gen Hooker.
Addison Hart-Host - In the West, William Rosecrans was attacked by Bragg's Army of Tennessee again, this time on December 31st, 1862. The battle of Stone's River or Murfreesboro was one of the bloodiest yet fought.
Addison Hart-Host - Joshua Woodrow Sill, Brigadier General received one of the first Confederate attacks that day. Sill was from Oklahoma and instructed at West Point. He fought at Rich Mountain and took part in the Great Locomotive Raid. Before Stone's River, Sill's tunic was ruined and he borrowed that of his friend, Phil Sheridan.
Addison Hart-Host - Sill's men were the first to be attacked that day. He was, at the head of his brigade, shot several times. He died instantly.
63PVI Tom - This, of corse, is just my humble oppinion. In what little I read, "terrible carnage" is used to describe the Union assault at Fredericksburg, Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg, Grant's useless charge at Cold Harbor, and Hood wrecking the Army of Tennessee at Franklin. Do you think it's kind of The War in a micro cassum? Proving the waste, that noone was a winner? Both sides took two lumps a piece attacking a well fortified defense.
shari - interesting theory, Tom..Never thought of it thataway.
Addison Hart-Host - The following day, the 30th, Stone's River continued. More bloody charges and lost lives. No victories.
Addison Hart-Host - That day was a great day for Roger Weightman Hanson. A Kentuckian by birth, he was affectionatly called 'Old Flintlock.' A lieutenant in the Mexican War he also gained a good name as a politician. He fought for KY at Fort Donelson and then with Breckinridge at Stone's River. Now he was a brigadier. He wanted a good name as a general and he got it that day...
Addison Hart-Host - There he took a slight wound but fought again at Stone's River on the 2nd of January, where he charged with the Orphan Brigade and lost 400 men. He, on horseback, was shot in several areas and died two days later, buried in Lexington.
Addison Hart-Host - On the same field on the 31st, James Edward Rains, newspaper editor of Nashville Banner, was also gaining a reputation. He had earlier fought at the Cumberland Gap and now was eager to lead a charge. He was given that chance. His target: an artillery battery guarded by infantry. He ordered the charge. "forward my brave boys, forward!" He cried. A minie ball slammed into him, killing him instantly. The battle ended January 2nd, a bloody stalemate.
Addison Hart-Host - Gen Hooker, now in command of the Army of the Potomac, takes advantage of his cavalry and sends them on a raid into Southern territory. At Kelly's Ford, VA, William Averell's Yankees are rebuffed at the loss of the gallant John Pelham. One of the army's greatest losses since the death of Turner Ashby in the Valley.
shari - *wail* the gallant Pelham, so young, such a waste.....
Addison Hart-Host - Very little fighting occured until May 1863, which took a terrible toll on both sides...
Addison Hart-Host - Grant's attack on Port Gibson took from the South a promising officer in young Brigadier Edward Dorr Tracy. Newly promoted, he was shot dead in a rearguard action.
Addison Hart-Host - Then came Chancellorsville, there the South lost Stonewall Jackson and also his Stonewall Briagde Commander, Elisha Paxton. He was killed at the head of the brigade. 'Bull Paxton' was a beloved man by many men, Jackson especially. 'Bull' had served with him from Dam No. 1 onward. It was a great loss.
Addison Hart-Host - After Chancellorsville, there was few fighting, at Champion's Hill near Vicksburg, Lloyd Tilghman, Confederate General who had ben so gallant at Fort Henry, had been blown in half by a shell. After a series of fights there, another veteran, Martin Green, was shot while observing Union lines in front of the defenses on June 27th.
Addison Hart-Host - For the Union, they lost two division commanders at Chancellorsville, both to snipers, the bold and promising Amiel Whipple and the large Hiram Berry.
Addison Hart-Host - In the West, they lost bold, dashing Edward Payson Chapin. He was a New Yorker and fought with Elmer Ellsworth at Alexandria, where Ellsworth was killed. He took Ship Island, MS and then attacked Port Hudson defenses with Banks. He was shot dead in a ditch there. After his loss, things quieted down West, Grant took Vicksburg July 4th, 1863.
Addison Hart-Host - In the East, Lee tried his best at 'Carpe Diem', invading PA, taking Winchester and fighting several cavalry battles. On June 9th, 1863, JEB Stuart's confederate cavalry drove back an attack by Alfred Pleasonton at Brandy Station. After that, Stuart broke away from the main army to attack at Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville...
Addison Hart-Host - At Aldie, the bloodiest of the engagements, Kilpatrick himself saw fit to lead a charge with two other men, Col. Calvin S. Douty, brave hero of Winchester, and Captain George A. Custer.
Addison Hart-Host - Douty was in the lead, spurring forward on his mount, Custer second, raising his sword, algging behind was Kilpatrick. The Confederates then opened a deadly fire that felled two of the riders, the first was Judson Kilpatrick...
Addison Hart-Host - After the battle, it was discovered that Kilpatrick had not been shot, but his horse was. He had only received minor bruising. Douty, however, had died on the field. Gen Hooker was replaced by Meade. Lee and Meade would then meet at a place known to history as Gettysburg...
Addison Hart-Host - End of Part 5 Next time Gettysburg and beyond
shari - *applause* *applause*
WuzReb - {{ clap-clap-clap -clap-clap}}
Addison Hart-Host - Thanks...
Addison Hart-Host - Has Left The Camp